Over 400 Nepali migrant workers who went abroad seeking foreign employment returned home in coffins in the fiscal year 2018/19.
According to Foreign Employment Promotion Board, about 4,67,741 Nepali migrant workers went to various countries for foreign employment between 2018 July and 2019 July. Of them 422 workers died abroad.
About 500 migrant workers lose their life to various reasons including work-related accidents in foreign countries in average in the destination countries mostly Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, South Korea and Lebanon, according to the board. These countries remain the major destination countries for Nepali migrant workers.
Likewise, about 312 workers suffered from physical disabilities while working.
According to the Board, Nepal has been receiving two dead migrant workers everyday on average for the past seven years.
According to the ‘Labor Migration for Employment—A Status Report for Nepal: 2015/16-2016/2017’, 1,588 migrants—1,144 men and 444 women—have died of cardiac arrests and heart attacks in the past nine years. A total of 5,892 Nepalis—5,765 male and 127 female—have lost their lives in foreign countries over the same period, an average of 1.7 deaths every day.
Remittance to Nepal have a stronghold in national economy and has remained a key factor in transforming the livelihood of rural people.
According to Migration and Development Brief by World Bank released on April this year, Nepal is the 19th largest receiver of remittance around the world and fourth largest in South Asia—with Nepali migrant workers sending home $8.1 billion.Nepal is also among the top five recipient smaller economies along with Tonga, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Haiti.
The year 2018 recorded the highest remittance sent to low and middle-income countries with $521 billion globally—an increase in 9.6 percent over the previous year when record $483 billion remittance was sent.