KATHMANDU, March 9: The campaign is said to be targeting militants in Borno state.
It came as Nigerian officials dismissed Boko Haram’s pledge of allegiance to Islamic State as a reaction to military pressure from Nigeria and its allies.
The pledge was posted online on Saturday in an audio message by Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau.
He called on Muslims everywhere to swear loyalty to IS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.
Boko Haram has been fighting an insurgency to create an Islamic state in northern Nigeria since 2009, and in recent months the violence has increasingly spilled over into neighbouring states.
Chad, Cameroon and Niger have already been helping Nigeria in its battle against Boko Haram.
On Friday, the African Union endorsed the creation of a regional force of more than 8,000 troops to combat the group. However, the force’s remit will be limited to securing the Nigerian side of Lake Chad, rather than pushing further into Nigeria.
As the latest offensive began early on Sunday, a resident and an aid worker told AFP news agency there had been heavy arms fire close to Niger’s border with Nigeria.
A local radio station said that a convoy of more than 200 vehicles was moving towards the area, and that air strikes had been carried out on Saturday and early on Sunday.
The Nigerian military and troops from neighbouring states have recently claimed some success in their campaign against Boko Haram, and Nigerian officials said the pledge of allegiance to IS was a sign of weakness
Army spokesman Col Sami Usman Kukasheka said the Boko Haram leader was like a “drowning man”.
“There is no surprise that he is craving for support from fellow terrorists across the world,” he told the BBC World Service.
“Basically he’s just trying to create panic to create a plea for help that will not even come because very soon we will see to the end of the insurgency in Nigeria.”